The incidence and relapse pattern in patients stopping tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), a prodrug of tenofovir which is more concentrated in hepatocytes, is unknown.
HBeAg-negative CHB patients stopping tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) (off-TDF) or who had switched to TAF more than 3 months before discontinuation (off-TAF) were recruited. The propensity score-matching method (PSM) was used, creating a ratio of 1:3 between the off-TAF versus the off-TDF groups to adjust for associated factors.
After PSM, 180 off-TDF and 60 off-TAF patients were analyzed. The cumulative rates of virological and clinical relapse at 52 weeks were 75.1% and 58.5% respectively in the off-TDF group and 91.1% and 61.6% in the off-TAF group. Patients in the off-TAF group had significantly higher rates of virological relapse than those in the off-TDF group (p = 0.021), but not clinical relapse (p = 0.785). Multivariate cox regression analysis showed that off-TAF group was an independent factor for virological relapse, but not clinical relapse. Severity of clinical relapse and hepatic decompensation rate were comparable between off-TDF and off-TAF groups
The off-TAF group had a higher virological relapse rate than the off-TDF group. The difference in clinical relapse pattern and severity was not clinically important between the two groups.
Abbreviations:ALT (alanine aminotransferase), CHB (chronic hepatitis B), CR (clinical relapse), EOT (end-of-treatment), HBV (hepatitis B virus), HBeAg (hepatitis B e antigen), HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen), NA (nucleoside analogues), TAF (tenofovir alafenamide), TDF (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate), ULN (upper limit of normal)
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Published online: February 01, 2023
Accepted: January 19, 2023
Received: July 6, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
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