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Ustekinumab and vedolizumab for extraintestinal manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease - a retrospective study

Published:October 11, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2022.09.009

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) are associated with diminished quality of life. The efficacy of Ustekinumab and vedolizumab for EIM treatment is not well established. The aim was to compare the effectiveness of ustekinumab and vedolizumab for treatment of EIM in IBD.

      Methods

      We included IBD patients treated with vedolizumab or ustekinumab in the Gastroenterology department, Sheba Medical Center, for up to 52 weeks between 2015 and 2021. Patients with active EIM before treatment initiation were included.

      Results

      111 patients were included. 53 patients (48%) were treated with ustekinumab; 88% (n-99) had CD. The most common EIM was arthralgia (95/111, 84%). Patients treated with ustekinumab were more likely to be anti-TNF experienced (n-51/53 [96%] compared with vedolizumab n = 36/58 [62%], p < 0.001).
      Clinical response of EIM at week 52 was achieved in 36% of patients treated with ustekinumab (n-18/50) and 34% of patients (n-19/54) treated with vedolizumab, with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.9). No statistical significance was achieved for patients presented with arthralgia. Clinical response of arthralgia at week 52 was seen in 34% (n-19/55) and 36% (n-18/46) of the patients treated with vedolizumab and ustekinumab, respectively, (p = 0.3).

      Conclusion

      In this study, no difference was found between vedolizumab and ustekinumab regarding their effect on EIM in IBD patients for up to 52 weeks.

      Keywords

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