Prevention of post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease among patients with prior anti-TNFα failure: A retrospective multicenter study

Published:September 30, 2022DOI:



      Anti-TNFα are recommended for preventing Crohn's disease (CD) postoperative recurrence (POR) in patients with risk factors. However, few data exploring anti-TNFα efficacy in patients with preoperative anti-TNFα failure are available so far.


      The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of anti-TNFα with other biologics and immunosuppressants to prevent POR in this setting.


      Consecutive CD patients who underwent bowel resection between January 2010 and December 2019 after failure of at least one anti-TNFα were retrospectively included among three tertiary centers if they started a postoperative medical prophylaxis within the three months after index surgery. The main outcome was to compare rates of objective recurrence (endoscopic or radiological recurrence in absence of colonoscopy) between patients treated with an anti-TNFα agent or another treatment as prevention of POR.


      Among the 119 patients included, 71 patients received an anti-TNFα (26 infliximab, 45 adalimumab) and 48 another treatment (18 ustekinumab, 7 vedolizumab, 20 azathioprine and 3 methotrexate) to prevent POR. Rates of objective recurrence at two years were 23.9% in patients treated with anti-TNFα and 44.9% in the others (p = 0.011).


      Anti-TNFα remained an effective option to prevent POR for patients operated upon with previous anti-TNFα failure.


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