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Endoscopic resection in the treatment of intramural esophageal bronchogenic cysts: A retrospective analysis of 17 cases

  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Jiao Jiao
    Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

    Institute of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin, China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Xiaofei Fan
    Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

    Institute of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Lili Luo
    Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Department of geriatric, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
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  • Zhongqing Zheng
    Affiliations
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

    Institute of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Bangmao Wang
    Correspondence
    Corresponding authors at: Wentian Liu, Department of Gastroenterology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, No. 154, Anshan Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300052, China.
    Affiliations
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

    Institute of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Wentian Liu
    Correspondence
    Corresponding authors at: Wentian Liu, Department of Gastroenterology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, No. 154, Anshan Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300052, China.
    Affiliations
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

    Institute of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Tianjin, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally to this work.
Published:September 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2022.08.029

      Abstract

      Background

      Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cysts (EBCs) are rare congenital malformations. Differences in reports on the clinical features of intramural EBCs and some controversies about the treatment strategy for intramural EBCs exist.

      Objectives

      To investigate the clinical characteristics of intramural EBCs and evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic resection.

      Methods

      The clinical and endoscopic features, endoscopic resection treatment, postoperative adverse events, and follow-up results of 17 patients with intramural EBCs were retrospectively studied.

      Results

      Intramural EBCs exhibited male predominance with a male/female ratio of 58.8% (10/7) and were predominantly found in the distal esophagus. Approximately 94.1% of patients presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. All lesions were protruding masses covered by intact mucosal epithelium. The morphologies of intramural EBCs were diverse under white light endoscopy. On endoscopic ultrasonography, intramural EBCs presented as homogeneous or inhomogeneous hypoechoic or anechoic lesions. Eleven lesions originated from the muscularis propria, which underwent submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection (STER), and six lesions were from the submucosa, which underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Approximately 88.2% of patients underwent complete endoscopic resection. No serious pneumothorax, bleeding, pleural effusion, esophagotracheal fistula, or other adverse events occurred in all patients after endoscopic resection, and no cyst recurrence, metastasis, or esophageal scar stenosis was observed during the follow-up period.

      Conclusions

      Intramural EBCs can be treated by digestive endoscopic surgery. STER and ESD are safe, effective, and minimally invasive resection methods.

      keywords

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