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Mesenteric panniculitis is associated with cardiovascular risk-factors: A case-control study

      Abstract

      Background

      This study evaluated the prevalence of cardiovascular risk-factors in patients with mesenteric panniculitis.

      Aims

      To determine whether cardiovascular risk-factors and mesenteric panniculitis are associated.

      Methods

      Retrospective, matched case-control study of patients referred to Meir Medical Center, Israel, 2014–2019, who underwent computerized tomography scan, were diagnosed mesenteric panniculitis by radiologic criteria. They were compared to two, matched case-control groups: hospitalized patients without mesenteric panniculitis and the general population based on Israeli Ministry of Health surveys. Patients with active malignancy, IBD or significant intra-abdominal morbidity were excluded.

      Results

      Of 376 patients with mesenteric panniculitis diagnosed by computerized tomography, 187 were included. Compared to hospital patients, they had higher incidence of dyslipidemia (77.5%/56.7%), hypertension (52.4%/40.6%), obesity (body mass index>30) (60.4%/30.5%) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (42.2%/16.6%). Similar differences were observed compared to the general population. In multivariable logistic regression, dyslipidemia, obesity, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were independent predictors for mesenteric panniculitis.

      Conclusions

      Patients with mesenteric panniculitis have more cardiovascular risk-factors compared to a case-control group and to the general population. This suggests that mesenteric panniculitis is clinically significant and may be part of the metabolic morbidity burden. This association should be further explored.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease), MP (Mesenteric panniculitis)
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