Real-world efficacy of adalimumab and infliximab for refractory intestinal Behçet’s disease

Published:February 19, 2019DOI:



      Anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents are important for managing refractory intestinal Behçet’s disease. Few studies have reported the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α monoclonal antibodies for intestinal Behçet’s disease due to its rarity.


      The aim was to examine the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α antibodies for intestinal Behçet’s disease in real-world practice.


      This was a retrospective review of medical records at 4 hospitals in Japan. Global gastrointestinal symptom and endoscopic assessment scores were analyzed in intestinal Behçet’s disease patients given anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents at 3 and 12 months after the start of therapy.


      Of 53 intestinal Behçet’s disease patients, 22 received anti-tumor necrosis factor-α monoclonal antibody treatment. At the first line, 14 were given adalimumab, and 8 were given infliximab. After 3 and 12 months of treatment, 7 and 11 patients showed complete response of gastrointestinal symptom scores, respectively, and 5 and 9 showed complete remission of the endoscopic assessment score, respectively. Three patients switched anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents.


      Anti-tumor necrosis factor-α monoclonal antibodies are effective for refractory intestinal Behçet’s disease in real-world situations. Switching anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents may be useful for failure of first-line anti-tumor necrosis factor-α therapy in some refractory cases.


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