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Lithium battery lodged in the oesophagus: A report of three paediatric cases

Published:August 17, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2015.07.014

      Abstract

      Background

      Over the last years the ingestion of disk batteries has become frequent in children with serious consequences. The severity of injuries is related to the growing use of new lithium batteries that may cause catastrophic damages when lodged in the oesophagus.

      Methods

      The notes of three consecutive children with lithium batteries lodged in the oesophagus, admitted to our Institute from 2010 to 2014, were reviewed. Clinical presentation, management, and outcome were considered.

      Results

      The first child, a 22-month-old girl, died of a sudden exsanguination due to an aorto-oesophageal fistula. The second case, a 5-year-old boy, had an exploratory thoracotomy to exclude aortic lesion before battery removal, and a spontaneous oesophageal perforation. The third child, a 18-month-old boy, fully recovered after suffering ulcerative oesophageal burns.

      Conclusion

      Lithium battery lodged in the oesophagus is a paediatric emergency requiring a multidisciplinary approach that can be implemented in a tertiary children's hospital.

      Keywords

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      References

      1. National Capital Poison Center. Available at: http://www.poison.org/battery/fatalcases.asp.

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